Education is an essential part of everyone’s life. It is the only thing that helps us stand in society and provides us with the knowledge and power to change the world. The quality of education systems defines the future of any country. Education makes a human being a better person and shapes one’s personality. For development, a person needs to have immense knowledge about various fields and life as well. Education comes as a source to provide a child with all such things. So, education plays a vital role in making the future of a country and its development.
India has had three education policies to date. The first-ever education policy made in India was in the year 1968, then in 1946, and was later modified in the year 1992, and the last education policy was made in the year 2020.
The objective of the new education policy is to achieve universal literacy by 2025 at primary schooling. And also to increase the gross enrollment ratio by 2035. A lot of changes are made in different things like school education, higher education, language, finance, technology, and the implementation of all of these.
The new education policy has brought a significant change in education at school levels. Earlier all the students used to study the same subjects till the 10th standard, and then their subjects changed according to their choices in the 11th and 12th. But with the new policy, the system has been changed to 5+3+3+3+4 system.
The very first stage is a foundational stage, which has a total of 5 years, which includes pre-primary and 1st and 2nd standards. Then comes the second stage, i.e., the preparatory phase, three years from rd standard to 5th standard. The thirds stage is of the middle setting, which is three years from 6th standard to 8th standard. The last step is the secondary stage, starting from the 9th standard and is till the 12th standard. In this stage, students are given to choose their subjects, which they earlier used to select in the 11th standard. They will now be given a 4-year study to their chosen subjects.
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Major Modifications by The Policy-
- Earlier the education policy made compulsory education for the age group of 6-14 years. This has expanded to 3-18 years now. Though as per Article 21, education is for the age group of 6-14 years, new education policy has changed that, and no recent amendments have been made yet in the constitution yet.
- The board exam pattern has also been changed. Students can now choose at what level they want to give their board exams, and there will be no hard separation in the curriculum of any stream.
Three languages will be taught in the schools now, out of which two languages should be Indian. Example: In Punjab, if schools are teaching in Punjabi and English, then they cannot use any other language like french as it’s not the Indian language but can use Hindi.
To get admission to colleges and universities from now on a Common Entrance Exam will be conducted, and students will be given access on that basis only. UGC is now replaced by HECI (Higher Education Commission of India). A maximum of four-year graduation courses will be there from now on.
Equal opportunities need to be given to every child to excel in their life. And the new education policy is just like a ray of hope for every child. Practical knowledge will be given equal importance from now on. The Indian Education System will be transformed entirely if the new education policy will be implemented effectively.
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